In Afganistan The Guard Watches TV – reblogging @loosewire

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September 7, 2010

in General Interest

As I read the story below by Jeremy Wagstaff my thoughts turned to similar experiences and observations. Like me Jeremy suspects that our western US centric view of smart phones may miss the nuances and the local needs of these emerging markets. Fact is this has been proven in India with the influx of China phones which have grabbed an increasing market share. The phone in the picture is likely of Chinese origin. The TV is an over the air broadcast and has nothing to do with Internet TV or YouTube. Similarly the phone will have an FM radio in it etc. It bridges a world of broken networks, and inadequate infrastructure. He describes it as the Swiss Army Knife. For me the mobile is a “tool for life” and increasingly indispensable one.

The twist that caught my attention was not just watching TV in the guard station. It was the “electrical” efficiency that the smarter new phones are bringing to everyday lives. (See I’d been thinking about something else at the time.)  Yes they can consume books, play music, get to TV and even connect to the Internet. You can even read or watch in the complete dark! Still – where there’s no power the guard will want to charge the device in the morning. Getting Juiced in Afganistan may be Jeremy’s next story.

Jeremy is a journalist and storyteller I admire. He’s one of the few email blogs I subscribe too. You can find his writing at “loose wire blog“. His email came with a plea to spread the word and his writing – frankly I’d like to see him writing back in the WSJ again. I’ve taken the liberty of reblogging his post in full below. Follow “@loosewire” on Twitter.

Afghanistan’s TV Phone Users Offer a Lesson (LooseWireBlog)
By Jeremy Wagstaff

There’s something I notice amid all the dust, drudgery and danger of Kabul life: the cellphone TVs.

No guard booth—and there are lots of them—is complete without a little cellphone sitting on its side, pumping out some surprisingly clear picture of a TV show.

This evening at one hostelry the guard, AK-47 absent-mindedly askew on the bench, had plugged his into a TV. I don’t know why. Maybe the phone gave better reception.

All I know is that guys who a couple of years ago had no means of communication now have a computer in their hand. Not only that, it’s a television, itself a desirable device. (There are 740 TVs per 1,000 people in the U.S. In Afghanistan there are 3.)

But it doesn’t stop there. I’ve long harped on about how cellphones are the developing world population’s first computer and first Internet device. Indeed, the poorer the country, the more revolutionary the cellphone is. But in places like Afghanistan you see how crucial the cellphone is as well.

Electricity is unreliable. There’s no Internet except in a few cafes, hotels and offices willing to pay thousands of dollars a month. But you can get a sort of 3G service over your phone. The phone is an invisible umbilical cord in a world where nothing seems to be tied down.

Folk like Jan Chipchase, a former researcher at Nokia, are researching how mobile banking is beginning to take hold in Afghanistan. I topped up my cellphone in Kabul via PayPal and a service based in Massachusetts. This in a place where you don’t bat an eyelid to see a donkey in a side street next to a shiny SUV, and a guy in a smart suit brushing shoulders with a crumpled old man riding a bike selling a rainbow of balloons.

Of course this set me thinking. For one thing, this place is totally unwired. There are no drains, no power infrastructure, no fiber optic cables. The cellphone is perfectly suited to this environment that flirts with chaos.

But there’s something else. The cellphone is a computer, and it’s on the cusp of being so much more than what it is. Our phones contain all the necessary tools to turn them into ways to measure our health—the iStethoscope, for example, which enables doctors to check their patients’ heartbeats, or the iStroke, an iPhone application developed in Singapore to give brain surgeons a portable atlas of the inside of someone’s skull.

But it’s obvious it doesn’t have to stop there. iPhone users are wont to say “There’s an app for that” and this will soon be the refrain, not of nerdy narcissists, but of real people with real problems.

When we can use our cellphone to monitor air pollution levels, test water before we drink it, point it at food to see whether it’s gone bad or contains meat, or use them as metal detectors or passports or as wallets or air purifiers, then I’ll feel like we’re beginning to exploit their potential.

In short, the cellphone will become, has become, a sort of Swiss Army penknife for our lives. In Afghanistan that means a degree of connectivity no other medium can provide. Not just to family and friends, but to the possibility of a better life via the web, or at least to the escapism of television.

For the rest of us in the pampered West, we use it as a productivity device and a distraction, but we should be viewing it as a doorway onto a vastly different future.

When crime committed is not just saved on film—from Rodney King to the catwoman of Coventry—but beamed live thro to services that scan activity for signs of danger, the individual may be protected in a way they are presently not.

We may need less medical training if, during the golden hour after an accident, we can use a portable device to measure and transmit vital signs and receive instruction. Point the camera at the wound and an overlay points out the problem and what needs to be done. Point and click triage, anyone?

Small steps. But I can’t help wondering why I’m more inspired by the imaginative and enterprising use of cellphones in places like Afghanistan, and why I’m less than impressed by the vapid self-absorption of the average smart phone user in our First World.

Now I’m heading back to the guard hut to watch the late soap.

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